ADD/ADHD in Children
When a child is struggling with focus or hyperactivity, parents need information, and a good start is to know that ADHD is a neurological disorder that encompasses a set of behaviors including inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity.
Not every case of ADHD or ADD exhibits all the symptoms associated with ADHD. Here are some of the different types of ADHD:
- Inattentive ADHD: Refers to the category of ADHD with symptoms that include inattention, but not hyperactivity/impulsivity.
- Hyperactive-Impulsive ADHD: Refers to the category of ADHD with symptoms that include hyperactivity/impulsivity, but not inattention.
- Combined ADHD: Refers to the category of ADHD with symptoms that include both inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity.
Symptoms of Inattentive ADHD in children
Forgetfulness, disorganization, and focus struggles are some of the most common signs of Inattentive ADHD in children. Exhibiting six or more of the following signs is typically necessary before a professional will deliver a diagnosis of inattentive ADHD:
- Difficulty maintaining attention
- Fails to pay attention to details or makes careless mistakes
- Easily distracted by extraneous stimuli
- Does not seem to listen when spoken to
- Avoids, dislikes, or is reluctant to engage in tasks requiring sustained mental effort
- Struggles to organize tasks and activities
- Does not follow through on instructions, and also fails to finish projects
- Loses things necessary for tasks or activities
- Is often forgetful in daily activities
Because children with inattentive ADHD are not hyperactive or impulsive, they may not attract the same attention as children with Hyperactive-Impulsive or Combined ADHD. As a result, they can more easily go undiagnosed.
Symptoms of Hyperactive-Impulsive ADHD in children
Another type of ADHD is called Hyperactive-Impulsive ADHD. This form is characterized by hyperactivity or impulsivity, without the symptom of inattention. To receive a diagnosis, a child must typically show six or more of the following signs:
- Has difficulty awaiting his or her turn
- Has difficulty playing or engaging in leisure activities quietly
- Fidgets with hands or feet, or squirms in seat
- Appears on the go or acts as if “driven by a motor”
- Runs about or climbs in situations in which it is inappropriate to do so
- Talks excessively
- Interrupts or intrudes on others
- Leaves seat in classroom
- Blurts out answers before questions have been completed
Symptoms of Combined ADHD in children
Inattention combined with hyperactivity/impulsivity are the hallmarks of Combined ADHD. A diagnosis can be made when a child shows six or more of the symptoms associated with inattentive ADHD, and six or more of the signs associated with hyperactive-impulsive ADHD.
Attention: A cognitive skill that can be exercised and strengthened
Cognitive skills are the foundational skills our brains use to think, learn, and perform—and attention is one of these skills. What researchers continue to discover and prove is that cognitive skills are not set in stone: They can actually be targeted and strengthened through programs consisting of challenging mental exercises. One-on-one brain training by LearningRx consists of just those kinds of exercises, done face to face with a personal brain trainer. Pre- and post-training assessments show that the result is stronger—often dramatically stronger—cognitive skills.
While LearningRx does not diagnose or treat ADHD, their programs have strengthened the cognitive skills—including that of attention—of thousands of children and adults with many diagnoses, including ADD/ADHD.
Feel free to give us a call at one our centers to schedule your first appointment at (972) 267-8900.