Phonemic Awareness in Children

Phonemic Awareness in Children
Phonemic Awareness in Children

Phonemic awareness in children: Fun activities
Phonemic awareness in children involves fun activities that keep them interested. Activities that develop phonemic awareness in children provide practice with rhyme and with beginning sounds and syllables. Research has shown that a child's awareness of the sounds of spoken words is a strong predictor of his or her later success in learning to read. Teachers of young children can encourage play with spoken language as part of a broader literacy program. Nursery rhymes, riddles, songs, poems, and read-aloud books that manipulate sounds are all effective vehicles. It must be remembered, however, that phonemic awareness activities are not sufficient to produce good readers. A balanced approach to teaching reading recognizes the importance of comprehension and enjoyment as well as discrete language skills.

Phonemic awareness in children: Training and Memorization
Phonemic awareness in children begins with basics. The number one reason for failure in beginning readers is a child's inability to memorize all consonant and vowel sounds along with the inability of knowing how to blend these sounds when reading (National Reading Panel). Consonant sounds memorization requires repetition. Phonemic awareness in children can be trained using exercises designed to incorporate repetition while also remaining challenging. Phonemic awareness is best trained through activities. This unique strategy provides specific repetition to enable memorization of the sound and also keeps the activity challenging.

Phonemic awareness in children: Rhyming, timing and results
Phonemic awareness in children involves rhyming, timing, syllable segmentation, sound substitution and other key exercises. Children identify words that rhyme in a series of activities. For example, activities such as clap-and-snap rhymes begin with a simple clap-and-snap rhythm. They get more complex as children move along in rhyming. Rhyming words in songs, poems, and big books also help phonemic awareness in children. Teaching syllable segmentation helps children realize that words are made up of syllables. Having them clap along to the syllables is another way to enhance their awareness. Sound substitution involves having children identify the beginning, middle, and ending sounds in words. For example, the ending sound in "pig" is /g/. Substitute "p" with "d" and you have "dig." At LearningRx we can help your child develop his or her phonemic awareness with a number of proven training procedures. To find out more information, contact the local LearningRx center near you.

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