Learning difficulties can be caused by known and unknown factors. To make matters more complex, people can struggle with more than one specific learning difficulty. For example, while one person may struggle with reading, someone else may struggle with, say, both reading and math.
Learning difficulties are not linked to intelligence. Indeed, very intelligent children and adults can struggle to learn.
It is generally accepted that there are four stages of processing information used in learning: input, integration, storage, and output. Learning struggles can occur if any of these four stages are compromised.
The term “learning difficulties” is sometimes used interchangeably with “learning disorders,” but they are actually different things and represent a different severity of challenges.
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