Cognitive Psychological Disorders

Cognitive Psychological Disorders
Cognitive Psychological Disorders

Cognitive psychological disorders:
Cognitive psychological disorders begin at a young age and the symptoms associated with learning usually arise with preschool-aged children. Children with these conditions may ignore or misunderstand parental instructions and commands. They may have few words, or exhibit unintelligible speech. They may omit many speech sounds or produce unusual combinations of speech sounds. Their vocabulary and grammar develop slowly. They may grunt or point to comment or request rather than attempt to produce words. Some children show disinterest in toys, books, and games that other children their age enjoy. Atypical social interactions with family members and peers are common. Children who are considered shy, withdrawn, or prefer to play alone may be speech and language delayed or disordered. Young children who exhibit aggressive behaviors (biting, kicking, tantrums) may be frustrated due to communication delays or disorders.

Cognitive psychologial disorders: OCD
Cognitive psychological disorders can present themselves in other forms, such as Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). OCD is often associated with significant disruption and impairment of the child's family, social and academic life. It can also impact psychosocial development. Children and teens who struggle with this problem also have heightened risk for clinically significant psychiatric problems as adults. Symptoms include repeated hand washing, checking behaviors, orderliness and various rituals that are not age-appropriate. Children with OCD can also show generally high levels of anxiety that are managed by the need to perform particular behaviors. These children may be frustrated if their rituals are interrupted. The compulsions are sometimes not experienced as distressing to carry out.

Cognitive psychological disorders: Cognitive behavioral therapy Cognitive psychological disorders can be treated with cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). The treatment includes a variety of techniques to help children challenge some of their unhelpful thoughts about threat, danger or the importance of controlling thoughts. Exposure with response prevention technique is a core aspect of contemporary CBT treatment. Children with compulsive washing, for example, would be required in a graded way to touch objects that they fear lead to contamination, and prevent the washing, which neutralizes their fear and axiety, and ultimately helps them deal more appropriately with dad-to-day tasks and issues. Does your child show signs of a cognitive or behavioral disorder? If so, we can help. Contact a local LearningRx center near you, or visit us at

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